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April 24, 2017

Pakistan Penal Code Amendments in Rape Laws 2016

Pakistan Penal Code Amendments in Rape Laws 2016

Criminal Law (Amendment Offences Relating to Rape) Act, 2016 was passed in 2016. This amendment inserted some new section and amended some section of PPC in order to make more strict laws for the offence of rape.

Section 55 of PPC is amended and offences related with rape are made non commutable.

Section 376 of PPC is also amended; now whoever commits rape of minor or person with mental or physical disability shall be punished with death or imprisonment of life. It further stated that whoever being a public servant; including a police office, medical officer or jailor, taking advantage of his official position, commits rape shall be punished with death or imprisonment for life and fine.

Through this amendment, now disclosure of identity of victim of rape is also prohibited u/s 376A.

Law is also amended and it is compulsory for investigation officer to record statement of victim in presence of female police officer or other female family member of victim. Similarity it is also compulsory for Police to record FIR of such offence in presence of female police officer.

Now under this amended law DNA test is compulsory but with the consent of victim or his legal heirs and it is duty of IO to send the samples of DNA to forensic laboratory as soon as possible. A new section 344A is inserted in PPC which describes that court is bound to conclude the trial of offence related with rape in three months. Code of Criminal Procedure’s schedule is also amended for the explanation of the amended sections of PPC.

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Pakistan Penal Code Amendment offences relating with Rape PDF

Click on the link below to download the PDF copy of amendment in PPC relating to rape

Pakistan Penal Code Amendments in Rape Laws 2016

Pakistan Penal Code Honor Killing Laws Amendment 2016

Pakistan Penal Code Honor Killing Laws Amendment 2016)

In Pakistani society offences on the name or on the pretext of honor is a common thing. People cold bloodedly murder their close relatives (in most of cases women) on the pretext of honor. Pakistan Penal Code was amended in 2016 and new sections were inserted to stop this menace of honor killing.

In section 299 a new clause inserted which defines ‘Fasad fil arz” as follows;

Fasad fil arz includes the past conduct of the offender or whether he has any previous conviction or the brutal or shocking manner in which the offence has been committed which is outrageous to the public conscience or if the offender is considered a potential danger to the community or if the offence has been committed in the name or on the pretext of honour.

Section 311 of Pakistan penal Code is also changed which provides for punishment of Tazir after or compounding of right of qisas in qatl-e-amd.  Now under these amendments court can punish the offender where principle of fasad fil arz is attracted even after offence is compounded.  Under this Criminal Law Amendment section 345 of Criminal Procedure Code is also amended.

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Pakistan Penal Code Honor Killing Amendment PDF Download

Click on the link below to download the PDF copy of amendment made in Pakistan Penal Code regarding the offences of honor killing.

Pakistan Penal Code Honor Killing Laws Amendment 2016

Pakistan Climate Change Act 2017 – PDF Download

Pakistan Climate Change Act 2017

Climates are changing all over the world and becoming a major threat for mankind. All counties are working to control the emission of green-house gases and trying to control this dangerous change. Pakistan is also signatory of many international agreements which include United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Rio De Janeiro, 1992, Kyoto Protocol to the UNFCCC, 1997 and The Paris Agreement 2015.

In 2017, Government of Pakistan passed Pakistan Climate Change Act 2017. Its preamble says, “An act to meet Pakistan’s obligations under international conventions relating to climate change and address the effects of climate change. Whereas it is expedient to meet Pakistan’s obligations under international conventions relating to climate change and to provide for adoption of comprehensive adaptation and mitigation policies, plans, programs, projects and other measures required to address the effects of climate change and for matters connected therewith and ancillary thereto.

Pakistan Climate Change Act 2017 defines the term “Climate Change” as it means a change in the climate system which is caused by significant changes in the concentration of greenhouse gases as a direct or indirect consequence of human activities and which is in addition to natural climate change that has been observed during a considerable period.

Pakistan Climate Change Council is established under section 3 of this Act. Pakistan Climate Change Authority is established under section 5 of the act.

Pakistan Climate Change Act 2017 PDF Download

Click here to download the PDF copy of Pakistan Climate Control Act 2017

Pakistan Climate Change Act 2017

Pakistan Penal Code Child Abuse Amendment 2016

Pakistan Penal Code Child Abuse Amendment 2016

Pakistan Penal Code is amended through Criminal Law Second Amendment Act 2016 to address the serious issue of child abuse. Child abuse or crimes against child is one of the pressing social issues of Pakistan. Through this amendment in Pakistan Penal Code punishments are enhanced for the crimes against child.

Section 82 of Pakistan Penal Code is amended and age of child enhanced from seven to ten. Now everyone under age of ten is considered as child, previously anyone under age of seven is considered as child. Three new sections are inserted in one particular chapter of Pakistan Penal Code i.e. 292A, 292B and 292C. Section 292A is about offence of exposure of child to seduction. 292B is about offence of child pornography and 292C is about punishment of child pornography.

A new section 328A is inserted in PPC which describes the offence of cruelty to child and its punishment. Section 377A and 377B are inserted in PPC which describes the offence of sexual abuse with child and its punishment. Schedule of Criminal Procedure Code is also amended which further explain all the new sections inserted in Pakistan Penal Code.

Overall this amendment in Pakistan Penal Code is good step which can be helpful in curbing the crimes against children.

Pakistan Penal Code Amendment Crime against Child

Click on the link given below to download the PDF copy of complete amendment in Pakistan Penal Code regarding crimes against children

Pakistan Penal Code Child Abuse Amendment 2016

Other Posts Related with Pakistan Penal Code on this website

  1. Click here to download Electricity Theft Amendment Ordinance 2013
  2. Click here to download Electricity Theft Amendment Ordinance 2016
  3. Click here to download Pakistan Penal Code Amendment 2017
  4. Click here to download Pakistan Penal Code Complete
  5. Click here to download Pakistan Penal Code Amendment offences of Honor Killing 2016
  6. Click here to download Pakistan Penal Code Amendment offence of Rape 2016

Pakistan Penal Code Amendment 2017 – Criminal Law Amendment

Pakistan Penal Code Amendment 2017

False litigation or registering false FIR against innocent person is common and most prevalent problem in Pakistan. It is very usual and normal thing to ledge a false FIR against opponents for political or other motives. It is also very common to nominate the all family members of a person in false FIR so that whole family faces the difficulties. The only remedy such aggrieved person have is to start proceedings u/s 182 after cancellation of false FIR or acquittal.

In Pakistan Penal Code section 182 deals with this problem of false FIR but the punishment of such offence is only imprisonment up to 6 months or fine up to 3000 rupees which often ended up in minor fine. But now this section is amended with this Criminal Law Amendment 2017 and now the punishments are enhanced for lodging False FIR.

Now there is imprisonment up to seven years in case of offence in which false information is given punishable with death. There is imprisonment of five years where offence in which information given is punishable with imprisonment for life. There is imprisonment one-fourth of the longest term of imprisonment with all other offences. Trial of these offences also given to Sessions Court as amended in the schedule of Cr.P.C.

In this latest criminal law amendment 2017 section 298 regarding uttering words etc with deliberate intent to wound religious feelings are also amended.

Pakistan Penal Code Amendment 2017 PDF Download

Click here to download the PDF copy of Criminal Law Amendment 2017.

Criminal Law Amendment 2017

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Pakistan Penal Code Electricity Theft Amendment 2016

Pakistan Penal Code Electricity Theft Amendments 2016

PPC or Pakistan Penal Code is law related with the punishments in Pakistan Judicial System. PPC was amended in 2016 through the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act 2016 to add certain offences related with electricity theft.

Power shortage or electricity failure is the biggest problem of Pakistan from last decade. One of the main reasons behind this is electricity theft which is also known as line loses. Due to electricity theft Government has to pay the loses of electricity distribution companies which ultimately contributes to the power shortage.

Electricity Act 1910 deals with the power theft and other offences related with electricity. Government of Pakistan inserted new penal sections in Pakistan Penal Code in order to prevent the electricity theft. These new penal sections provide severe punishments for those who commit offences related with electricity.

In 2016, a new chapter is inserted in PPC which describes the offences of electricity theft. Here you can download the free PDF copy of Electricity theft law of PPC.

Pakistan Penal Code Electricity Theft 2016

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Constitution of Pakistan Amendment 23rd – Military Courts

Constitution of Pakistan Amendment 23rd

In 2017, National Assembly of Pakistan amended the Constitution of Pakistan for 23rd time. Through this amendment Assembly created the military courts for the trial of terrorists. In 2015, National Assembly passed the 21st Amendment and created the military courts for the period of 2 years. The period of two years was expired on 6th January 2017 hence this 23rd Amendment was passed to re-establish the military courts for further two years till 6th January 2019. At the end of this period all the amendments will be expired/removed automatically.

Due to extraordinary situation and circumstances the military courts are established to expedite the disposal of certain offences related with terrorism, waging of war or insurrection against Pakistan and to prevent the acts of threatening the security of Pakistan by any terrorist group.

The amendment further stated that the said terrorist groups including any such terrorist fighting while misusing the name of religion or sect, captured or to be captured in combat with the Armed Forces. Basically this amendment changes the Article 175 of Constitution of Pakistan 1973.

Constitution of Pakistan 1973 23rd Amendment

You can click on the link given below to download the PDF copy of twenty third amendments in the Constitution of Pakistan.

Constitution of Pakistan 23rd amendment

Other Post Related with Constitution of Pakistan on our Website

Click on the following link to download the PDF copy of Pakistan’s Complete Constitution given in our previous post.

Constitution of Pakistan 1973 Complete PDF

Click on the following link to download the PDF copy of 21st Amendment in Constitution of Pakistan.

21st Amendment in Constitution of Pakistan PDF

Sales Tax Act 1990 – PDF Download

Sales Tax Act 1990

Sales Tax Act 1990 is comprehensive piece of legislation that deals with all matters regarding sales tax. Its preamble says, An Act to consolidate and amend the law relating to the levy of tax on the sale (importation, exportation, production, manufacture or consumption of goods.

It is Federal Law which means it extends to whole of Pakistan. This act defines the “Provincial Sales Tax” as tax levied under, Provincial laws or laws relating to Islamabad Capital Territory, which are declared by the Federal Government, through notification in the official Gazette to be Provincial Sales Tax for the purpose of input tax.

Sales Tax Act 1990 defines the term “Sales Tax” as the tax, addition tax or default surcharge levied under this act or a fine, penalty or fee imposed or charged under this act and any other sum payable under the provision of this Act or the rules made.

It defines the term “taxable activity” as any economic activity carried on by a person whether or not for profit and also includes, an activity carried on in the form of a business, trade or manufacture, an activity that involves the supply of goods, the rendering or providing of services or both to another person, a one-off adventure or concern in the nature of a trade and anything done or undertaken during the commencement or termination of economic activity.

Sales Tax 1990 PDF Download

Here you can download the PDF copy of Sales Tax 1990 by clicking on the link given below. It is up to date copy of Sales Tax 1990.

Sales Tax Act 1990

Customs Act 1969 – PDF Download

Customs Act 1969

The Customs Act 1969 is an important law which regulates all the matters regarding import and export in country. Its preamble says that whereas it is expedient to consolidate and amend the law relating to the levy and collection of customs-duties (fee and service charges) and to provide for other allied matters.

It is Federal law and extends to the whole of Pakistan as provided in section 1 (2).  The law comprehensively define the smuggle i.e. means to bring into or take out of Pakistan, in breach of any prohibition or restriction for the time being in force (Or en route pilferage of transit goods) or evading payments of customs-duties or taxes leviable thereon;

  • Gold bullion, silver bullion, platinum, palladium, radium, previous stones, antiques, currency, narcotics and psychotropic substance.
  •  Manufactures of gold or silver or platinum or palladium or radium or previous stones, and any other goods notified by the Federal Government in the official Gazette, which, in each case, exceed one hundred and fifty thousand rupees in value.
  •  Any goods by any route other than a route declared under section 9 and section 10 or from any place other than a customs-station and includes an attempt, abetment or connivance of so brining in or taking out of such goods and all cognate words and expressions shall be construed accordingly.

Overall Customs Act 1969 provides everything regarding Customs in Pakistan.

Customs Act 1969 PDF Download

Here you can download the complete up to date PDF copy of Customs Act 1969. You can download the act by clicking on the link given below.

Customs Act 1969

The Punjab Animal Feed Stuff and Compound Feed Act 2016 – PDF Download

The Punjab Animal Feed Stuff and Compound Feed Act 2016

Poultry is one of the fastest growing industries in Pakistan. It also plays crucial part in everyday life of ordinary citizens as poultry is permanent food item in ordinary Pakistani kitchen. There are many rumors about the substandard feed used by the shed owners and in order to regulate the matters and save the public health Government of Punjab promulgated The Punjab Animal Feed Stuff and Compound Feed Act 2016.

Its preamble says that it is to regulate poultry production activities in the Punjab. It is necessary to regulate the manufacture, storage, supply, transport for sale and marketing of feed stuff and compound feed in the Province of the Punjab, to ensure standards of production and quality of feed stuff, to check adulteration and misbranding of poultry and livestock feed stuff and compound feed ingredients and other related matters.

Section 3 of this ordinance described that what feed stuff or feed ingredient to be used in the compound feed which is used in the production of poultry. Section 4 made is compulsory for the person to obtain the license for manufacturing of feed. There are sections in this Ordinance which deals with the quality control and inspection of compound feed. It also describes penalties and punishment for those who fail to comply with the law.

Overall it is good step in right direction and government need to implement this law in true spirit as this is the matter of public health at large.

The Punjab Animal Feed Stuff and Compound Feed Act 2016 PDF

Click on the link below to download the pdf copy of complete law.

The Punjab Animal Feed Stuff and Compound Feed Act 2016