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October 22, 2016

Fundamental Rights in Pakistan – Constitution of 1973

Fundamental Rights in Pakistan

Fundamental Rights are enshrined in the Constitution of Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Chapter 1 of the Constitution contains articles about the fundamental rights. Articles 8 to 28 of the constitution deals with the all fundamental rights provided to the citizens of Pakistan. Followings are the fundamental rights guaranteed to the citizens of Pakistan under constitution.

  • No person shall be deprived of life or liberty, save in accordance with law (article 9)
  • Safeguard as to arrest and detention. All arrested person must be informed of grounds of their arrest, they have right to consult and defended by lawyer of their choice.
  • Right of fair trial under article 10A
  • Slavery, forced labor is prohibited and no child under age of 14 year be employed in factory and mines.
  • There shall be protection against retrospective punishment
  • There shall be protection against double punishment and self-incrimination.
  • Freedom of movement to everyone
  • Freedom of assembly for all citizens
  • Freedom of association for all citizens
  • There shall be freedom of trade, business and profession for all citizens.
  • Freedom of speech for all citizens
  • All citizens shall have right to have access to information in all matters of public importance under article 19A.
  • Freedom to profess religion and to manage religious institution in country
  • Safeguard against the taxation for the purposes of any particular religion.
  • Safeguard as to educational institutes in respect of religion etc.
  • All citizens have right to acquire, hold and dispose of property in any part of Pakistan.
  • Protection of property rights of owners.
  • All citizens are equal and there shall be no discrimination on bases of sex etc.
  • Free and compulsory education to all children of age 5 to 16 by Government
  • No discrimination in respect of access to public places.
  • Safeguard against discrimination in services.
  • All citizens have right to preserve their particular language, script and culture

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