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January 17, 2017

General Qamar Javed Bajwa – New Chief of Pakistan Army

General Qamar Javed Bajwa

Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif appointed General Qamar Javed Bajwa as the 16th Chief of Army Staff of the Pakistan Army on 26 November 2016. He was at No.4 in the seniority list and General Zubair Hayat was considered as the favorite candidate but Prime Minster preferred Qamar javeed over all others. General Qamar Javed Bajwa belongs to Infantry Baloch Regiment. Previously three other Army Chiefs, General Aslam Baig, General Ashfaq Pervaiz Kyani and General Yahya Khan were also from Baloch Infantry Regiment.

Qamar Bajwa is from 62nd MPA Long Course and when he was promoted to Lt. Colonel he served as General Staff Officer in 10th Corps which is also the largest Corps of Pakistan Army and popularly known as the Rawalpindi Corps.  After he was promoted as Brigadier he served as Chief of Staff at 10th Corps and also served in Northern Areas and Kashmir. General Qamar Javed Bajwa also served on United Nations Peacekeeping mission in Congo. In 2009 he was promoted as Major General and served as commander of Gilgit Baltistan. In 2013 he was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant General and given charge of 10th Corps. In 2015 he was appointed as Inspector General of the Training and Evaluation at the GHQ.

General Qamar Javed Bajwa New Army Chief

Before his selection as Army Chief he also served as the Principle Staff Officer to the Army Chief General Raheel Sharif. In August 2011 he was awarded the Hilal-i-Imtiaz due to his professional services in Pakistan Army. General Qamar Javed Bajwa served many years during his service in Kashmir and Northern Areas and hence has valuable experience of issues regarding these areas. According to some sources outgoing Chief General Raheel Sharif recommended him during his one-on-one meeting with Prime Minister.

Pakistan is facing many problems now days like Kashmir issue, terrorism and Indian aggression of LOC which means many challenges are waiting to test the abilities of new Army Chief. Outgoing Army Chief done well during his tenure on many issues and considered as one of the most respectable and successful Army Chiefs in the history of Pakistan. It makes the job tougher for General Qamar Javed Bajwa because everyone is expecting nothing less than General Raheel Sharif.

Criminal Justice System in Pakistan

Criminal Justice System in Pakistan

Criminal Justice System is one of the most important ingredients of any society of the world. Criminal Justice System describes the offences, punishments, procedures and ways to punish those who break laws of the society. It is the Criminal Justice System which creates deterrence in society. Without effective Criminal Justice System, a society or country cannot survive for long. In today’s modern world the Criminal Justice System comprises of three main institutions i.e. Police, Prosecution and Judiciary. In almost all countries of the world, the system consists of these three main institutions although their names may vary from country to country.

Criminal Justice System in Pakistan also comprises of three basic institutions i.e. Police, Prosecution and Judiciary. Before 2007, there were only two institutions in Criminal Justice System i.e. Police and Judiciary and there was no concept of independent Prosecution Department in Pakistan. It was only after 2007 when all Provinces established independent and specialized Prosecution Departments. Due to its short life and other reasons, Prosecution is still not independent and fully functional in Pakistan’s Criminal Justice System.

Problems in Pakistan’s Criminal Justice System

The Criminal Justice System in Pakistan is outdated and in dismal condition. There are many reasons for this which I will explain later in this essay. The system in Pakistan is so much ineffective and outdated that it is very easy for any influential and wealthy person to get himself acquitted after committing any sort of offence. There are so many loopholes in Pakistan’s Criminal Justice System that it becomes very easy for any offender to got clean chit from courts. For this reason the system also lost the confidence of people, especially educated strata of society who always try to resolve their disputes outside the Criminal Justice System.

Criminal Justice System in Pakistan

In following lines I will explain the basic problems associated with the Criminal Justice System of Pakistan. As I mentioned earlier that it consists of three departments/institutions, so I will explain the problems in all three departments one by one.

Police in Pakistan’s Criminal Justice System

Criminal Justice System starts with the Police or Investigating agency in almost all civilized societies of the world. In Pakistan it also starts with the investigation of Police. The basic root cause of failure of Pakistan’s Criminal Justice System lies with the Police. Police in Pakistan is the most corrupt institution of the country and corruption in Pakistan Police is beyond imaginations. Although basic purpose of Police Force is to protect the citizen but in Pakistan an ordinary citizen not only hates Police but always try to avoid the Police and all matters related with Police. Police Station is not a place for gentleman and every gentleman in Pakistan is afraid of going to Police Station even to register his genuine complaint.

Criminal Justice System comes into motion with investigation of Police and in Pakistan it is the very stage when most of cases are destroyed due to non-professional and corrupt investigation Officers. Any influential and wealthy accused can easily get the clean chit from police during investigation. When the case is so strong even then the accused can easily bribe the Investigation Officer and destroy the evidence which ultimately results in acquittal of accused in courts.

Unfortunately there is no distinction of Policing and Investigation in Pakistan. There is no specialized unit or force within police who is trained in investigation.  It means in Pakistan even the cases of homicide are regularly being investigated by the low ranked, non-professional, non-trained, low-paid and corrupt police officers. As a result, the case is being destroyed at the beginning by the IO or Investigating Officer.

Prosecution in Pakistan Criminal Justice System

As I mentioned earlier the Separate and Independent Prosecution Departments are established after 2006/07 in different provinces of Pakistan. Previously there was separate branch in Police known as Prosecution Branch and that Branch was responsible for the prosecution on behalf of state.  Although Provincial Governments established Prosecution Departments but they are toothless and have no powers in practice. Provincial Governments in Pakistan’s provinces so far fail to provide Prosecution with adequate resources and essential legislation which is essential for the working of modern day Criminal Justice System.

Prosecutor is powerless in Pakistan who is sandwiched between the two most powerful, authoritative and corrupt institutions of Pakistan i.e. Police and Judiciary. Prosecutor cannot direct Investigation Officer to properly collect the evidence during investigation, he is only authorized to scrutinize the investigation report after its completion and till that time, IO’s almost destroyed all important pieces of evidence. A Prosecutor can even not direct the Police Investigator to apply the correct section of law during investigation. Further even in case of no evidence, Prosecutor has no power to return the case back to police or drop the case but he has to forward it to the Magistrate after recording his opinion (that opinion is also worthless because it is not binding on court). Hence in practice Prosecutor in Pakistan only works as postman between Police and Judiciary.

The condition of Prosecution Departments is so disappointing that at most of the stations they don’t have their proper offices to work. So without any resources, proper legislation, government attention and spirit to work, the Prosecution Departments are only rubber stamps in Pakistan.

Judiciary in Pakistan Criminal Justice System

Although Government invested lot of money and resources in the Judiciary in last decade yet the institution is in bad shape and fails to deliver. In Criminal Justice System of Pakistan, judges are highly paid and have more resources than Police and Prosecution but their performance is disappointed. The acquittal rate is Pakistan’s courts is almost over 80 percent which means if  person commits crime in Pakistan he got 80 percent chances of acquittal in this system. Another major problem is the delayed justice as criminal cases are decided not in months but in years in Pakistani Courts.

There are many reasons for inefficiency of Courts in Pakistan’s Criminal Justice System. First of all the case is being destroyed by the Police Investigator at investigation stage which means it always lacks the required level of evidence which is necessary for the conviction. In Pakistan, Lawyer Bar Councils are very powerful and influential bodies who virtually dictate their terms on courts and if lawyer want to prolong a case for months or even years, judge cannot stop him. This is also the main cause of delay in decision of cases. There is also rampant corruption in judiciary and a wealthy person can easily get clean chit from the courts with different tactics. Due to increasing perks and privileges in judiciary the levels of corruption are decreased in last one decade but there is still lot of room for the improvement.

Overall the Criminal Justice System in Pakistan is losing confidence of people due to its inefficiency. Government needs to pay special attention towards the Criminal Justice System in Pakistan because a country can live without resources but cannot survive when it lacks justice.

Author: Our Guest Writer Mr. Jibran Jamshed

Corruption in Pakistan Police

Corruption in Pakistan Police

Corruption is like a slow poison which is killing the soul of our society slowly but surely. It is the scourge which is destroying the very fabric of our society. It is spread and settled in our society in such a manner that it is acceptable for everyone and even the one who refuses to earn money through corruption is considered as fool by majority of people. Although there is rampant corruption in almost all departments and all sphere of lives in Pakistan yet corruption in Pakistan Police has no parallels. According to surveys and reports of international organization and NGO’s Police is the most corrupt institution of Pakistan.

The situation is so deplorable that an honest police officer cannot survive in the department. To look deeper into the problem we have to discuss corruption in Pakistan Police under two heads. First there is Officer Cadre in Police (Officer with rank of DSP or above) and secondly there is official Cadre in Police (Police Officer with rank of Inspector, Sub Inspector, Assistant Sub Inspector and constables). The methods and moods of corruption are different for both classes of Police Officers.

Pakistan Police Corruption

Corruption in Officer Cadre of Police

When I am talking about Police High ups I mean police officer with rank of DSP (Deputy Superintendence of Police) or above. The corruption is officer Cadre of Police is different from that of corruption in lower Cadre. The most effective way of corruption in this class is through funds embezzlement by Police Officers. Govt. is spending billions of rupees for the betterment of Police ever year but those funds rarely reach below and most of them are wasted due to corruption of higher rank Police Officers.

In this regard one particular example can be given. For every investigation which is conducted by ASI, SI or Inspector Govt. provides a particular amount of fund. The purpose of this fund is that Investigating Officer (IO) can spend that money during the course of investigation but unfortunately rarely any IO in Pakistan ever receives that fund. In documents that fund is utilized according to law but in practice it is always go into the pockets of corrupt Police Officers.

Similarly all other sort of funds for Police Station like fund for maintenance of vehicles, vehicle petrol, stationary etc. never reach at the bottom and embezzled at the higher level.

This sort of corruption at higher level also is the source cause of corruption at lower level. When no funds reach at Police Station level, then IO’s and police officers of lower grade are forced to meet their expenditures through corruption. For example in case of vehicle maintenance funds, SHO are usually directed by the Police High Ups to upgrade all police vehicles without providing any funds to them. In return, SHO’s direct their IO’s provide money for that purpose and IO’s has no other way then to extract that money from the litigants or ordinary people with different excuses. In this way, the corruption at higher level which is less visible breeds more corruption at lower level of Police.

Corruption in Police at low level

This corruption involves the lower rank police officers like SHO, SI, ASI and constables. It is the face of corruption with which people are aware off because it is open and it directly affects the people. In every case registered in Police Station there is particular price which complainant has to pay to SHO. The price is different for different type of offence i.e. for more severe offences the bribe money is much higher than for petty offences.

After registration of case, there comes a stage of investigation and it is time for Investigation Officer (IO) to milk both complainant and accused. If complainant wants to get arrested his accused persons, he is not only responsible to provide information about accused but also has to give bribe to IO. He has to incur all the expenses like petrol of police vehicle, food of police officers and all other related expenses. Now here if accused offer more money to IO than complainant can do nothing.

The above mentioned is the only one face of corruption in police at lower level. There are many more methods and ways through which police extract money from the people or from the criminals. Organized criminals like owners of Brothel Houses, Drug dealers, wine suppliers etc. regularly pay the monthly tribute to the concerned SHO which is another source of permanent income for police. From this monthly income certain amount goes up to the higher police officers accordingly. Overall there are many techniques and methods used by the Police for corruption.

Pakistan Next Army Chief

Pakistan Next Army Chief

In Pakistan position of Army Chief is more important than Prime Minister or President because of the paramount importance of this institution. Army is the most established and important institution of the Nuclear Armed Nation and always plays a vital role in every sphere of country’s life throughout its history. In present scenario when Pakistan is in difficult situation, internally and externally, the future course of country depends a lot on the person who will succeed General Raheel Sharif as Army Chief. The question with which we are dealing here is that who will be Pakistan next Army Chief?

General Raheel Sharif is considered as one of the most reputed and popular Army Chiefs in history because he took the charge of Army when country was in grave situation and steered the country from very difficult situation to a relative stability. His resolve to get rid of terrorist and clear the Pakistan’s territory form those foreign elements is praiseworthy. Furthermore he is not only the man of words but man of action. Through Operation in Karachi and Zarb-eAzab in tribal areas, he established the diminishing writ of state in these areas.

Who will be next Army Chief of Pakistan after Raheel Sharif ?

Although there are rumors and news about the tenure extension of General Raheel Sharif, yet General himself publically expressed that he will retire and will not accept any extension. In these circumstances, General Raheel Sharif will retire on 29 November 2016 along with current Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee General Rashid Mehmood.

Lt. General Zubair Mehmood Hayat had been appointed as Chief of Staff in April 2015 and the post is considered as an important position for grooming of next Chief of Army Staff (COAS). Another Strong Candidate for the post is General Qamar Javed Bajwa who is currently serving as Inspector General of Training and Evaluation. On 26 November 2016 PM Nawaz Sharif appointed  General Qamar Javed Bajwa as New Chief of Army Staff and appointed General Zubair Mehmood Hayat as Chairman Joint Chief of Staff.

General Qamar Javed Bajwa

On 26 November 2016, Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif appointed General Qamar Javed Bajwa as the Army Chief of Pakistan. General Qamar Javed Bajwa is four-star Army General who is selected as 16th Army Chief of Pakistan Army is on No. 4 in seniority list. New Chief of Army Staff also served as Principle Staff Officer of retiring Army Chief General Raheel Sharif. For read more about General Qamar Javed Bajwa click on this link.

General Qamar Javed Bajwa new army chief

Lt. General Zubair Mehmood Hayat

Zubair Mehmood Hayat belongs to a family with deep-rooted army affiliations. His father, Major General Aslam Hayat served in Army. Other siblings of Zubair Mehmood Hayat are also serving in Armed forces. His brother Lt. General Omar Mahmood Hayat is the head of Ordnance Factories at Wah. Third Hayat brother, Major General Ahmad Mahmood Hayat is DG Analysis in ISI. Recently General Raheel Sharif gave the charge of the SPD and commanded Corps to Zubair Mehmood Hayat which also indicates his importance in the higher ranks of Army. Here it is worth mentioning that Zubair Mahmood is the not the senior most high rank officer in Army.

Although seniority is an important criterion for the appointment of Army Chief, yet it was seldom followed. The current Army Chief Raheel Sharif himself superseded 2 seniors to become Army Chief. In the past General Zia ul Haq was appointed by PM Bhutto as an Army Chief by superseding 7 senior Officers.

Pakistan Nuclear Weapons – Congressional Research Service

Pakistan Nuclear Weapon

Congressional Research Service published a comprehensive report about the Nuclear Weapons of Pakistan. It was published in June 2016 and provides a detail insight into the Pakistan’s Nuclear Program. In this post you can read the summary of that American report about the Pakistan’s Nuclear Program.

Pakistan’s Nuclear Program (Summary)

Pakistan’s nuclear arsenal probably consists of approximately 110-130 nuclear warheads, although it could have more. Islamabad is producing fissile material, adding to related production facilities, and deploying additional nuclear weapons and new types of delivery vehicles. Pakistan’s nuclear arsenal is widely regarded as designed to dissuade India from taking military action against Pakistan, but Islamabad’s expansion of its nuclear arsenal, development of new types of nuclear weapons, and adoption of a doctrine called “full spectrum deterrence” have led some observers to express concern about an increased risk of nuclear conflict between Pakistan and India, which also continues to expand its nuclear arsenal.

Pakistan Nuclear Program

Pakistan has in recent years taken a number of steps to increase international confidence in the security of its nuclear arsenal. Moreover, Pakistani and U.S. officials argue that, since the 2004 revelations about a procurement network run by former Pakistani nuclear official A. Q. Khan, Islamabad has taken a number of steps to improve its nuclear security and to prevent further proliferation of nuclear-related technologies and materials. A number of important initiatives, such as strengthened export control laws, improved personnel security, and international nuclear security cooperation programs, have improved Pakistan’s nuclear security.

However, instability in Pakistan has called the extent and durability of these reforms into question. Some observers fear radical takeover of the Pakistani government or diversion of material or technology by personnel within Pakistan’s nuclear complex. While U.S. and Pakistani officials continue to express confidence in controls over Pakistan’s nuclear weapons, continued instability in the country could impact these safeguards. Furthermore, continued Indian and Pakistani nuclear weapons development could jeopardize strategic stability between the two countries.

Privatization is Solution of Energy Crisis in Pakistan

Energy Crisis in Pakistan is getting worst with every passing day. Although there are many proposed solution of energy crisis in Pakistan but privatization of energy sector in Pakistan is the best solution of Energy Crisis in Pakistan. WE are facing a serious energy crisis because of various factors. The centralization of energy policymaking and the federal government’s control over state institutions responsible for production, transmission, distribution and regulators are main causes of energy crises.  The private sector invested in thermal power plants, but it is allowed to sell electricity only to the distribution companies owned by the federal government.
The only exception is the KESC which has been privatized but has failed to provide uninterrupted power supply to residents of Karachi. One of the reasons is that the government is not allowing the owners to implement their policy of getting rid of surplus staff such as a driver having a monthly salary of Rs60,000 a month. They are also not being allowed to directly import furnace oil or gas to run the plant with 100 per cent capacity.
The private investor’s prime objective is to make profit first and then spend a small percentage of the profit on social activities. They hire staff on a contract basis and pay according to a person’s contribution to the organization.

Energy Crisis in Pakistan
Unfortunately, the federal government is using power distribution companies for its political benefit by providing jobs to its workers and supporters in these organizations even when there is no productive contribution by these employees.
The result is organizations are overstaffed and inefficient. These organizations are suffering loses in billions of rupees every year, and the government is providing them taxpayers’ money to keep functioning instead of privatizing them. There is a lack of government policy according to which it should follow the capital free market rules and entrust the business to the private sector.
Instead of following a half socialist and a half capitalist system, it is time the government decided which system is best suited to Pakistan. Nepra and Pepco, owned by the federal government, have failed to solve the energy crisis.  Now the federal government should transfer power generation and distribution to the provinces so that they can encourage the private sector to handle generation and distribution of electricity.
If the private sector can handle education, health, public transport, which is the responsibility of government, why cannot it handle power generation and distribution?
There is no other option now to overcome the shortage and provide relief to the people from loadshedding except changing the status quo of power sector. If govt. want to get rid of this energy crisis in Pakistan than they should adopt privatization to eliminate this severe energy crisis in Pakistan. (source: www.Dawn.com.pk)

Opium and Poppy Cultivation in Afghanistan and role of Taliban

Opium poppy in Afghanistan is the largest crop in Afghanistan. Opium is not only the largest crop of Afghani farmers but also big source of revenue for Talibans in Afghanistan. Afghanistan is the largest opium producer in the world and produces almost 90 percent of world’s opium. According to one farmer in Afghanistan Drug lords come to the farm and provide seeds along with loans and when opium harvest is ready they come and collect it hence opium production is very lucrative for the poor farmers.
In Afghanistan Southern province of Kandahar and Helmand are the largest opium producers and they produce almost 75 percent of total opium in Afghanistan. These are the areas where bloodiest battles between western forces and Taliban are going on.

Opium Production in Afghanistan
Poppy cultivation is so profitable for the people of Afghanistan that they earn four times more profit as compared with wheat production. Most of the drugs made from this opium production end up in the shape of heroine in western world.
Taliban earn almost 155 million dollars a year due to this opium production. The situation of poppy production is worst in Afghanistan and getting serious day by day.

Top Law Firm or Law Chamber in Multan Pakistan, Best Lawyer in Multan Pakistan

If you are looking for the best law firm in Pakistan or top law chamber in Pakistan than you must feel some trouble because conditions of legal system of Pakistan are unique and different. Although there are many law chambers and law firms in Pakistan who claim to be best in Pakistan but one cannot sure to get best legal services form them. It is very difficult task to describe the best law chamber in Pakistan but in next series of articles we tell our readers about the best available law firm or law chambers in different cities of Pakistan.
Multan is ancient and fourth largest city of Pakistan. There are many legal firms and law chambers in Multan who are providing legal services but if you are looking for top legal firm in Multan than I recommend the following legal Firm of Multan.


Awan Law Associates Multan/Awan Law Chamber Multan
There are many reasons why Awan Law Associates Multan is the best legal firm in Multan. It deals with all sort of legal cases and provides you flawless and best services.
Awan Law Associates Chambers & Civil Cases
Awan Law Chamber is the best legal services providers in Multan with panel of expert lawyer of civil matters. It deals with all sorts of civil matters and there are many specialists’ top civil lawyers of Multan for legal advice.
Awan Law Chamber Multan & Criminal Cases
Due to presence of best lawyers of Criminal Trials in Awan Law Associates it is one of the top law firms in not only Multan but in Pakistan. Followings are the field of expertise of Awan Law Associates Multan.

  • Civil Laws
  • Criminal Laws
  • Family Laws
  • Banking Laws
  • Revenue Laws
  • Special and Local Laws

Overall if you are looking for the best legal services in Multan, Pakistan than Awan Law Chamber is perfectly suitable for you. With their unmatched experience and skills in the legal field of Pakistan, they can solve your legal problems professionally. You can contact with Awan Law Chamber Multan on following phone number and e-mail address.
Cell No…. 9203336065169

E-Mail…..Awanlawmultan@gmail.com

Federal Shariat Court of Pakistan and Women Protection Bill

The Federal Shariat Court has declared as unconstitutional and un-Islamic three sections of the Protection of Women Act 2006, holding that these take away the overriding effects of the Hudood Ordinance 1979.
A three-member FSC bench comprising Chief Justice Agha Rafiq Ahmed Khan, Justice Afzaal Haider and Justice Shahzado Sheikh announced its verdict on Wednesday on identical petitions challenging the act.  It declared that sections 11, 28 and 29 incorporated in the Hudood Ordinance during the Musharraf government were in violation of Article 203DD of the Constitution. The court asked the government to take necessary steps to amend the impugned laws in conformity with the Holy Quran and Sunnah.

federal shariat court pakistan
The FSC also held that Section 25 of the Anti-Terrorism Act 1997 was against Article 203DD of the Constitution. The court directed its office to send copies of the judgment to the federal government and provincial and Islamabad high courts for information, necessary action and compliance.
“All those offences whose punishments are either prescribed or left undermined, relating to acts forbidden or disapproved by the Holy Quran and Sunnah, including all such acts which are akin, auxiliary, analogous or supplementary to or germane with Hudood offences as well as preparation or abetment or attempt to commit such an offence and as such made culpable by legislative instruments would without fail be covered by the meaning and scope of the term Hudood.”, court order said.
“Some portions of sections 48 and 49 of the Control of Narcotic Substances Act 1997 whereby the high courts have been empowered to entertain appeals against the order of a special court consisting of a sessions judge or an additional sessions judge, transfer within its territorial jurisdiction any case from one special court to another special court at any stage of the proceedings, were also violative of the provisions contained in Chapter 3A of Part VII of the Constitution because the offences envisaged by Act XV of 1997 are covered by the term Hudood.” The court consequently declared both the sections as violative of Article 203DD and held that the portion which contained the words high court should be deemed to be substituted by the words FSC in both the sections.
In a statement the commission said that in effect the Hudood Ordinance which had tormented and caused hundreds of innocent women to languish in jails and destroyed their social and family lives was being resurrected by the judgment.  It said the verdict negated all positive initiatives taken by the government and took the nation back to square one.  The commission appeals to the government to take a firm stand against this “retrogressive judgment” which was only an attempt to use religion for political purposes.

Industrial Relation Ordinance 2010 Pakistan, Labour Laws in Punjab, Pakistan

New draft of the Industrial Relations Act (labour law) which has 12 landmark and new clauses is expected to pass Punjab Assembly. Labour was previously a federal subject but Punjab has drafted the law after it was devolved to the provinces in the light of the 18th Amendment on April 19 2010. This new draft gives worker right to form trade unions and collectively bargain as per the constitution and all related conventions of the ILO (International Labour Organization).
Trade union could be formed only in as institution having at least 50 employees. The representation of staff member of a workplace in its trade union has been enhanced from the previous 75 percent to 80 percent.

It envisages cancellation of a grade union’s registration upon getting less than 15 percent votes now in two referendums to be held seeking the status of a collective bargaining agent.
The law makes unfair labour practices by worker or employers a crime to ensure healthily trade union activity. At the same time is also empowers the government to order breaking of any illegal strike or lockout, or make them approach court for a decision. It allows CBA unions and employers to approach a labour court for the redress of complaint. It also empowers labour courts to grand interim relief in any case.
The law enhances trial period of labour cases form the previous seven days to 90 and 120 days. The law provides for a single instead of the previous several workers management councils.

labour law in pakistan
It allows handing over of all affairs of the national industrial relations commission to labour appellate tribunals, labour courts and registrar of trade unions. The situation of labour laws in Pakistan is not very good and in order to improve the labour labour laws in Pakistan government should need to do more efforts. labour laws are for the benefits of the poor hence labour laws in Pakistan much be improved.