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July 22, 2017

Nishan e Haider Holders Names & Pictures – Pakistan Military Award

Nishan e Haider

“Is there anything more important than one’s life?”, someone asked question to brave soldier. “Yes, the cause for which I happily sacrifice my life”, brave soldier replied.  Nishan-e-Haider is the highest military award in Pakistan. That gallantry award can only be awarded to the brave men of Armed forces for their extra-ordinary courage and bravery. Nishan e Haider is Urdu language word which literary means “Mark of Lion”, Haider is the name of legendary Muslim Caliph Hazrat Ali who is known for his bravery.

Nishan e Haider Picture

Nishan e Haider Medal

Nishan e Haider History

Nishan-e-Haider was created on 16 March 1957 but it was applied from the date of Pakistan’s Independence. It is only awarded to those men who sacrifice their lives while performing their duties with extra-ordinary bravery. Nishan e Haider is only awarded to the 11 persons so far in the history of Pakistan.

Total Number of Persons who received Nishan e Haider

There is some confusion regarding the total number of person as some websites mentioned that there are 10 Nishan e Haider recipients. But we have verified from the sources in Pakistan Army that there are officially 11 recipients of Nishan-e-Haider as Naik Saif Ali Janjua of Azad Kashmir Regiment is also the recipient of Nishan e Haider, he was awarded Hilal-e-Kashmir award after he sacrificed his life on 26th April 1948, later on Hilal-e-Kashmir became equivalent to Nishan e Haider.

Comparison between British Victoria Cross, US Medal of Honor and Nishan e Haider

Although many people consider it equivalent to British Victoria Cross and US Medal of Honor but it is unique and distinct from the other two awards. While United States Medal of Honor is so far awarded to 3515 persons since it was first awarded in 1863 and British Victoria Cross is awarded to 1358 persons since its establishment in 1856, Nishan e Haider is only awarded to 11 persons. Another important distinction is that Nishan e Haider is only awarded posthumously.

Nishan e Haider Medal Composition

The medal is made from the captured enemy equipment and it is mixture of copper, tin and zinc.

The 11 persons who received this honorable award are truly the legends because so far thousands of soldiers and Army officers of Pakistan Armed Forces sacrificed their lives for the country but only 11 received this award.

Nisha e Haider List

Here is the list and details of those brave soldiers who received this legendary award in the history of Pakistan in chronological order.

1.Raja Muhammad Sarwar

Captain Raja Muhammad Sarwar Khan was born on 1910 in Gujar Khan, Rawalpindi District. Born in Rajput family he was commissioned in British Indian Army in 1944 and assigned to Punjab Regiment. In 1947, he took part in First Kashmir War as Captain. He fought with extraordinary bravery against Indian Army and became martyr on 27 July 1947. He became the first person to be awarded Nishan E Haider.

Nishan e Haider holder 1

Raja Muhammad Sarwar

2.Naik Saif Ali Janjua

Saif Ali Janjua belongs to Azad Kashmir Regiment. He fought with extra-ordinary courage in 1948 Indo-Pak war and embraced martyrdom on 26 April 1948. He was awarded with Hilal-e-Kashmir award at that time. Later on Pakistan Army decided that Hilal-e-Kashmir award is equivalent to Nishan e Haider and hence Saif Ali Janjua became part of that legendary list of Nishan e Haider recipients.

Naik Saif Ali Janjua nishan e haider

Naik Saif Ali Janjua

3.Tufial Muhammad Gujjar

Major Tufail was born in 1914 in Hoshiarpur, Punjab in Gujjar family. He was commissioned in British Indian Army and assigned to the Punjab Regiment. In 1958, Major Tufail was serving in East Pakistan as company commander of East Pakistan Rifles. On 7 August 1958, Indian Army captured a border village and he launched an assault on Indian aggressors. He was injured by three bullets during the skirmish but he fought with bravery and killed many Indian soldiers not only with his gun but also with his hand in close combat. He was rushed to hospital after Indian Army retreated but he succumbed to the wounds. An interesting thing about Major Tufail is that he is the only recipient of Nishan e Haider who won that award outside the Indo-Pak wars.

Major Muhammad Tufail Nishan e Haider

Major Muhammad Tufail

4.Raja Abdul Aziz Bhatti

Major Raja Abdul Aziz Bhatti is also known as “Muhafiz e Lahore” (Protector of Lahore). Aziz Bhatti was born on 1928 in Rajput Family. He got commission in 1950 and assigned to Punjab Regiment. In Indo-Pak war of 1965, he fought with extra-ordinary courage against attacking Indian Army in Burki Sector of Lahore. He stooped the Indian Army attack with his courage and leadership and became martyr in a process. He is considered as the most celebrated officer in history of Pakistan Army.

Major Aziz Bhatti nishan e haider

Major Aziz Bhatti

5.Rashid Minhas

Rashid Minhas was Pilot Officer in Pakistan Airforce. He is the only PAF Officer to receive the Nishan e Haider. Rashid Minhas is not only the youngest person to receive this prestigious award but also the shortest-serving officer among all other Nishan e Haider recipients. During 1971 Indo-Pak war, He was flying with senior instructor Matiur Rahman, a Bengali by origin, who tried to hi-jack the jet to India but Rashid Minhas fought with him in plan and as a result jet was crashed along with its two passengers.

Rashid Minhas Nishan e Haider

Rashid Minhas

6.Rana Shabbir Sharif

Major Shabbir Sharif is one of the most decorated soldiers in history of Pakistan Army and also known as Army’s Superman. He also received “Sitara e Jurat and Sword of Honor for his bravery in the service. He has unique honor of having three most prestigious awards of Pakistan Army. Interestingly he is the nephew of another Nishan e Haider recipient, Raja Aziz Bhatti and elder brother of ex-Pakistan Army Chief General Raheel Sharif. During 1971 war he fought and died in extra-ordinary circumstances to become martyr.

Shabbir Sharif Nishan e Haider

Shabbir Sharif

7.Muhammad Hussain

Muhammad Hussain Janjua was born on 18 June 1949 at Dhok Pir Baksh, Rawalpindi. He joined Pakistan Army as driver but took active part in combat during Indo-Pak war of 1971. He embraced martyrdom on 10 December 1971 and became the first Jawan(lowest rank in Pakistan Army) to be awarded the highest military award of Nishan e Haider.

Sawar Muhammad Hussain Nishan e Haider

Sawar Muhammad Hussain

8.Muhammad Akram

Major Muhammad Akram was born on 25 September 1941 in Karachi. His unit was 4 Frontier Force Regiment and he embraced the martyrdom during 1971 Indo-Pak war at Battle of Hilli.

Muhammad Akram Nishan e Haider

Muhammad Akram

9.Muhammad Muhafuz

Lance Naik Muhammad Muhafiz was born on 25 October 1944 at Pind Malkan, Rawalpindi. His Unit was 15 Punjab Regiment and he became martyr during 1971 Indo-Pak war. On 23 March 1972, he was awarded with Nishan e Haider for his bravery in battle field.

Muhammad Muhafiz Nishan e Haidar

Muhammad Muhafiz

10.Sher Khan

Captain Sher Khan is commonly known as Kernal Sher Khan (Kernal is localized form of Army Rank Colonel). He was born on 1 January 1970 at Swabi, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. His unit was 27 Sind Regiment and later 12 Northern Light Infantry. He embraced the martyrdom during Kargil War of 1999.

Sher Khan nishan e haidar

Sher Khan

11.Lalak Jan

Havaldar Lalak Jan Shaheed is the last and most recent recipient of Nishan e Haider. He was born on 1 April 1967 in Yasin Valley, Northern Areas, Pakistan now called Gilgit-Baltistan. During Kargil war of 1999 he fought and died bravely against Indian Army and received the Nishan e Haider.

Havaldar Lalak Jan nishan e haidar

Havaldar Lalak Jan

Pakistan Budget 2017-18

Pakistan Budget 2017-18

Government of Pakistan presented the financial budget for year 2017-2018 in May 2017. The Federal budget of Budget Pakistan is presented by Finance Minister of ruling Pakistan Muslim League Nawaz. Finance Minister Ishaq Dar presented the Federal Pakistan Budget 2017-18 on 26 May 2017. It is also the fifth and last budget of PML (N) and also considered as important because next year will be election year.

Followings are some highlights of Pakistan Budget 2017-18;

  • Total outlay of Budget = Rs.4.8 Trillion
  • Total volume of development = Rs.1001 Billion
  • Target of Development for next year = 6 percent
  • Increase in the salary of Government Employee = 10 %
  • Target for loans for agriculture sector = 700 billion rupees
  • Minimum Salary or wages = Rs.15000
  • Increase in GDP = 5.3 %
  • Allocation for laptop scheme = Rs.20 Billion
  • Allocation for Benizir Income Support Program = Rs.121 Billion
  • Allocation for Development = Rs.1.001 Trillion
  • Government subsidy on Electricity = Rs.118 Billion
  • Loans for Agriculture farming to farmers = Rs.600 Billion
  • Allocation for the eradication of Load-Shedding/ Electricity Shortage = Rs.404 Billion
  • Trade Deficit reduction target for the next year = 4.2 % from current 8.2 %
  • Federal Government allocation for CPEC = Rs.180 Billion
  • Allocation for Western Rout of CPEC = Rs.44 Billion
  • Allocation for the security of economic corridor = Rs.1.8 Billion
  • Allocation for the construction of Islamabad High Court = Rs.500 Million
  • Allocation for the Multan-Sukkur Motorway Section = Rs.30 Billion
  • Allocation for the Hakla Yark-Dera Ismael Khan Motorway Section = Rs.38 Billion
  • Allocation for the Lahore-Abdul Hakeem Motorway Section = Rs.54.4 Billion
  • Allocation for Power Projects = Rs.25 Billion

Pakistan Budget 2017-18 pic

Above mentioned are few points of this budget. Keep in touch with us and soon we will upload the PDF copy of complete Federal Budget of Pakistan 2017-18.

Panama Case Judgment in Pakistan

Panama Case Pakistan

Panama Case is one of the most popular cases in history of Pakistan. Panama Case in Pakistan is based on the leaked Panama Papers. These 11.5 million leaked documents contain the details about more than 214,488 offshore companies. These documents belonged to the Panamian law firm “Mossack Fonseca” and they were leaked in 2015.

Panama Papers revealed secret information about the ownership of offshore companies. Astonishingly there are many famous politicians, leaders, actors, businessmen and persons from all walks of life involved in this illegal ownership.

On the bases of these papers Imran Khan filed case against Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif in Supreme Court on the allegation of corruption, money laundering and eight offshore companies of Sharif’s family. According to Panama Papers, Sharif Family own 8 offshore companies. The Panama Case was heard from 1 November 2016 to 23 February 2017, and court reserved its judgments and later on 18th April it was announced that judgment will be announced on 20th April 2017.

Panama Case hearing saw many phases and after initial hearing Prime Minister’s lawyer presented a letter of Qatari Prince in the court. That Qatari letter became popular all over the country. After many dates of hearing finally the case was argued on 23 February 2017 by all parties. Panama Case is basically in the court on the petitions of Imran Khan, Sheikh Rashid and Siraj-ul-Haq. Overall Panama Case Pakistan is one of the most debated and popular cases in Pakistan’s History.

Panama Case Judgment in Pakistan

Finally a big judgment is delivered. Supreme Court judges announced that a JIT (Joint Investigation Team) will be made which will further investigate the case. Two judges in five judge bench in favor of removal of Prime Minister while three in favor of further investigation. So the score is 3-2.

Click on link below to download the complete Panama Case Judgement in PDF format.

Panama Case Judgement PDF

Kidney Failure Disease in Pakistan

Kidney Failure Disease in Pakistan

End Stage Renal Disease which is commonly known as ESRD or Kidney failure is last stage of chronic kidney disease. It means that kidneys of patient have stopped working and he needs kidney transplant or dialysis for survival. Kidney Failure disease in Pakistan is increasing with threatening pace.

According to a recent study, around 20000 new patients of ESRD are emerging each year in Pakistan. The thousands of new patients are added every year with an alarming speed. Around 50 percent of those who develop ESRD, is due to some other health problem most importantly diseases like Diabetes. Many doctors’ believes that diabetes, high blood pressure and kidney stones are major reasons of this chronic disease.

Worldwide every 10th person has some sort of kidney problem and 100 persons per million populations develop kidney failure (ERSD) each year. In Pakistan the situation is worst as there are approximately 20 million kidney patients out of population of 200 million. The reason behind this alarming number of kidney patients is the poor health facilities and hygiene facilities in Pakistan.

Diabetes and Kidney Failure

ESRD or kidney failure is closely associated with diabetes. Diabetes is the most common cause of Kidney Failure not only in the world but also in Pakistan. Around 6 to 7 percent of Pakistan’s population turns diabetic every year and this figure is increasing rapidly.

High Blood Pressure and Kidney Failure

Another most important cause of kidney failure is high blood pressure. According to an estimate around 26 percent adult population of Pakistan have High Blood Pressure and the numbers are increasing rapidly. Most important thing is that majority of these patients even don’t known about their disease or treats it casually.

Another major reason of kidney failure is inflammation of kidney. Most of time it is due to simple throat or skin infection that inflammation of kidneys occurs.

Treatment of Kidney Failure

The treatment of ESRD is very expensive. Once developed, patient needs transplantation of kidney or dialysis on regular basis. Dialysis cost about 30 to 40 thousand rupees a month for lifetime.

How to Protect Yourself from Kidney Disease or ESRD

  • Avoid high-fat or high cholesterol diet
  • Avoid high-sodium foods
  • Avoid excessive proteins especially animal meat
  • Maintain healthy amount of potassium in your body

World Kidney Day is global awareness campaign about important of kidneys and observed annually on second Thursday of March.

General Qamar Javed Bajwa – New Chief of Pakistan Army

General Qamar Javed Bajwa

Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif appointed General Qamar Javed Bajwa as the 16th Chief of Army Staff of the Pakistan Army on 26 November 2016. He was at No.4 in the seniority list and General Zubair Hayat was considered as the favorite candidate but Prime Minster preferred Qamar javeed over all others. General Qamar Javed Bajwa belongs to Infantry Baloch Regiment. Previously three other Army Chiefs, General Aslam Baig, General Ashfaq Pervaiz Kyani and General Yahya Khan were also from Baloch Infantry Regiment.

Qamar Bajwa is from 62nd MPA Long Course and when he was promoted to Lt. Colonel he served as General Staff Officer in 10th Corps which is also the largest Corps of Pakistan Army and popularly known as the Rawalpindi Corps.  After he was promoted as Brigadier he served as Chief of Staff at 10th Corps and also served in Northern Areas and Kashmir. General Qamar Javed Bajwa also served on United Nations Peacekeeping mission in Congo. In 2009 he was promoted as Major General and served as commander of Gilgit Baltistan. In 2013 he was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant General and given charge of 10th Corps. In 2015 he was appointed as Inspector General of the Training and Evaluation at the GHQ.

General Qamar Javed Bajwa New Army Chief

Before his selection as Army Chief he also served as the Principle Staff Officer to the Army Chief General Raheel Sharif. In August 2011 he was awarded the Hilal-i-Imtiaz due to his professional services in Pakistan Army. General Qamar Javed Bajwa served many years during his service in Kashmir and Northern Areas and hence has valuable experience of issues regarding these areas. According to some sources outgoing Chief General Raheel Sharif recommended him during his one-on-one meeting with Prime Minister.

Pakistan is facing many problems now days like Kashmir issue, terrorism and Indian aggression of LOC which means many challenges are waiting to test the abilities of new Army Chief. Outgoing Army Chief done well during his tenure on many issues and considered as one of the most respectable and successful Army Chiefs in the history of Pakistan. It makes the job tougher for General Qamar Javed Bajwa because everyone is expecting nothing less than General Raheel Sharif.

Criminal Justice System in Pakistan

Criminal Justice System in Pakistan

Criminal Justice System is one of the most important ingredients of any society of the world. Criminal Justice System describes the offences, punishments, procedures and ways to punish those who break laws of the society. It is the Criminal Justice System which creates deterrence in society. Without effective Criminal Justice System, a society or country cannot survive for long. In today’s modern world the Criminal Justice System comprises of three main institutions i.e. Police, Prosecution and Judiciary. In almost all countries of the world, the system consists of these three main institutions although their names may vary from country to country.

Criminal Justice System in Pakistan also comprises of three basic institutions i.e. Police, Prosecution and Judiciary. Before 2007, there were only two institutions in Criminal Justice System i.e. Police and Judiciary and there was no concept of independent Prosecution Department in Pakistan. It was only after 2007 when all Provinces established independent and specialized Prosecution Departments. Due to its short life and other reasons, Prosecution is still not independent and fully functional in Pakistan’s Criminal Justice System.

Problems in Pakistan’s Criminal Justice System

The Criminal Justice System in Pakistan is outdated and in dismal condition. There are many reasons for this which I will explain later in this essay. The system in Pakistan is so much ineffective and outdated that it is very easy for any influential and wealthy person to get himself acquitted after committing any sort of offence. There are so many loopholes in Pakistan’s Criminal Justice System that it becomes very easy for any offender to got clean chit from courts. For this reason the system also lost the confidence of people, especially educated strata of society who always try to resolve their disputes outside the Criminal Justice System.

Criminal Justice System in Pakistan

In following lines I will explain the basic problems associated with the Criminal Justice System of Pakistan. As I mentioned earlier that it consists of three departments/institutions, so I will explain the problems in all three departments one by one.

Police in Pakistan’s Criminal Justice System

Criminal Justice System starts with the Police or Investigating agency in almost all civilized societies of the world. In Pakistan it also starts with the investigation of Police. The basic root cause of failure of Pakistan’s Criminal Justice System lies with the Police. Police in Pakistan is the most corrupt institution of the country and corruption in Pakistan Police is beyond imaginations. Although basic purpose of Police Force is to protect the citizen but in Pakistan an ordinary citizen not only hates Police but always try to avoid the Police and all matters related with Police. Police Station is not a place for gentleman and every gentleman in Pakistan is afraid of going to Police Station even to register his genuine complaint.

Criminal Justice System comes into motion with investigation of Police and in Pakistan it is the very stage when most of cases are destroyed due to non-professional and corrupt investigation Officers. Any influential and wealthy accused can easily get the clean chit from police during investigation. When the case is so strong even then the accused can easily bribe the Investigation Officer and destroy the evidence which ultimately results in acquittal of accused in courts.

Unfortunately there is no distinction of Policing and Investigation in Pakistan. There is no specialized unit or force within police who is trained in investigation.  It means in Pakistan even the cases of homicide are regularly being investigated by the low ranked, non-professional, non-trained, low-paid and corrupt police officers. As a result, the case is being destroyed at the beginning by the IO or Investigating Officer.

Prosecution in Pakistan Criminal Justice System

As I mentioned earlier the Separate and Independent Prosecution Departments are established after 2006/07 in different provinces of Pakistan. Previously there was separate branch in Police known as Prosecution Branch and that Branch was responsible for the prosecution on behalf of state.  Although Provincial Governments established Prosecution Departments but they are toothless and have no powers in practice. Provincial Governments in Pakistan’s provinces so far fail to provide Prosecution with adequate resources and essential legislation which is essential for the working of modern day Criminal Justice System.

Prosecutor is powerless in Pakistan who is sandwiched between the two most powerful, authoritative and corrupt institutions of Pakistan i.e. Police and Judiciary. Prosecutor cannot direct Investigation Officer to properly collect the evidence during investigation, he is only authorized to scrutinize the investigation report after its completion and till that time, IO’s almost destroyed all important pieces of evidence. A Prosecutor can even not direct the Police Investigator to apply the correct section of law during investigation. Further even in case of no evidence, Prosecutor has no power to return the case back to police or drop the case but he has to forward it to the Magistrate after recording his opinion (that opinion is also worthless because it is not binding on court). Hence in practice Prosecutor in Pakistan only works as postman between Police and Judiciary.

The condition of Prosecution Departments is so disappointing that at most of the stations they don’t have their proper offices to work. So without any resources, proper legislation, government attention and spirit to work, the Prosecution Departments are only rubber stamps in Pakistan.

Judiciary in Pakistan Criminal Justice System

Although Government invested lot of money and resources in the Judiciary in last decade yet the institution is in bad shape and fails to deliver. In Criminal Justice System of Pakistan, judges are highly paid and have more resources than Police and Prosecution but their performance is disappointed. The acquittal rate is Pakistan’s courts is almost over 80 percent which means if  person commits crime in Pakistan he got 80 percent chances of acquittal in this system. Another major problem is the delayed justice as criminal cases are decided not in months but in years in Pakistani Courts.

There are many reasons for inefficiency of Courts in Pakistan’s Criminal Justice System. First of all the case is being destroyed by the Police Investigator at investigation stage which means it always lacks the required level of evidence which is necessary for the conviction. In Pakistan, Lawyer Bar Councils are very powerful and influential bodies who virtually dictate their terms on courts and if lawyer want to prolong a case for months or even years, judge cannot stop him. This is also the main cause of delay in decision of cases. There is also rampant corruption in judiciary and a wealthy person can easily get clean chit from the courts with different tactics. Due to increasing perks and privileges in judiciary the levels of corruption are decreased in last one decade but there is still lot of room for the improvement.

Overall the Criminal Justice System in Pakistan is losing confidence of people due to its inefficiency. Government needs to pay special attention towards the Criminal Justice System in Pakistan because a country can live without resources but cannot survive when it lacks justice.

Author: Our Guest Writer Mr. Jibran Jamshed

Corruption in Pakistan Police

Corruption in Pakistan Police

Corruption is like a slow poison which is killing the soul of our society slowly but surely. It is the scourge which is destroying the very fabric of our society. It is spread and settled in our society in such a manner that it is acceptable for everyone and even the one who refuses to earn money through corruption is considered as fool by majority of people. Although there is rampant corruption in almost all departments and all sphere of lives in Pakistan yet corruption in Pakistan Police has no parallels. According to surveys and reports of international organization and NGO’s Police is the most corrupt institution of Pakistan.

The situation is so deplorable that an honest police officer cannot survive in the department. To look deeper into the problem we have to discuss corruption in Pakistan Police under two heads. First there is Officer Cadre in Police (Officer with rank of DSP or above) and secondly there is official Cadre in Police (Police Officer with rank of Inspector, Sub Inspector, Assistant Sub Inspector and constables). The methods and moods of corruption are different for both classes of Police Officers.

Pakistan Police Corruption

Corruption in Officer Cadre of Police

When I am talking about Police High ups I mean police officer with rank of DSP (Deputy Superintendence of Police) or above. The corruption is officer Cadre of Police is different from that of corruption in lower Cadre. The most effective way of corruption in this class is through funds embezzlement by Police Officers. Govt. is spending billions of rupees for the betterment of Police ever year but those funds rarely reach below and most of them are wasted due to corruption of higher rank Police Officers.

In this regard one particular example can be given. For every investigation which is conducted by ASI, SI or Inspector Govt. provides a particular amount of fund. The purpose of this fund is that Investigating Officer (IO) can spend that money during the course of investigation but unfortunately rarely any IO in Pakistan ever receives that fund. In documents that fund is utilized according to law but in practice it is always go into the pockets of corrupt Police Officers.

Similarly all other sort of funds for Police Station like fund for maintenance of vehicles, vehicle petrol, stationary etc. never reach at the bottom and embezzled at the higher level.

This sort of corruption at higher level also is the source cause of corruption at lower level. When no funds reach at Police Station level, then IO’s and police officers of lower grade are forced to meet their expenditures through corruption. For example in case of vehicle maintenance funds, SHO are usually directed by the Police High Ups to upgrade all police vehicles without providing any funds to them. In return, SHO’s direct their IO’s provide money for that purpose and IO’s has no other way then to extract that money from the litigants or ordinary people with different excuses. In this way, the corruption at higher level which is less visible breeds more corruption at lower level of Police.

Corruption in Police at low level

This corruption involves the lower rank police officers like SHO, SI, ASI and constables. It is the face of corruption with which people are aware off because it is open and it directly affects the people. In every case registered in Police Station there is particular price which complainant has to pay to SHO. The price is different for different type of offence i.e. for more severe offences the bribe money is much higher than for petty offences.

After registration of case, there comes a stage of investigation and it is time for Investigation Officer (IO) to milk both complainant and accused. If complainant wants to get arrested his accused persons, he is not only responsible to provide information about accused but also has to give bribe to IO. He has to incur all the expenses like petrol of police vehicle, food of police officers and all other related expenses. Now here if accused offer more money to IO than complainant can do nothing.

The above mentioned is the only one face of corruption in police at lower level. There are many more methods and ways through which police extract money from the people or from the criminals. Organized criminals like owners of Brothel Houses, Drug dealers, wine suppliers etc. regularly pay the monthly tribute to the concerned SHO which is another source of permanent income for police. From this monthly income certain amount goes up to the higher police officers accordingly. Overall there are many techniques and methods used by the Police for corruption.

Pakistan Next Army Chief

Pakistan Next Army Chief

In Pakistan position of Army Chief is more important than Prime Minister or President because of the paramount importance of this institution. Army is the most established and important institution of the Nuclear Armed Nation and always plays a vital role in every sphere of country’s life throughout its history. In present scenario when Pakistan is in difficult situation, internally and externally, the future course of country depends a lot on the person who will succeed General Raheel Sharif as Army Chief. The question with which we are dealing here is that who will be Pakistan next Army Chief?

General Raheel Sharif is considered as one of the most reputed and popular Army Chiefs in history because he took the charge of Army when country was in grave situation and steered the country from very difficult situation to a relative stability. His resolve to get rid of terrorist and clear the Pakistan’s territory form those foreign elements is praiseworthy. Furthermore he is not only the man of words but man of action. Through Operation in Karachi and Zarb-eAzab in tribal areas, he established the diminishing writ of state in these areas.

Who will be next Army Chief of Pakistan after Raheel Sharif ?

Although there are rumors and news about the tenure extension of General Raheel Sharif, yet General himself publically expressed that he will retire and will not accept any extension. In these circumstances, General Raheel Sharif will retire on 29 November 2016 along with current Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee General Rashid Mehmood.

Lt. General Zubair Mehmood Hayat had been appointed as Chief of Staff in April 2015 and the post is considered as an important position for grooming of next Chief of Army Staff (COAS). Another Strong Candidate for the post is General Qamar Javed Bajwa who is currently serving as Inspector General of Training and Evaluation. On 26 November 2016 PM Nawaz Sharif appointed  General Qamar Javed Bajwa as New Chief of Army Staff and appointed General Zubair Mehmood Hayat as Chairman Joint Chief of Staff.

General Qamar Javed Bajwa

On 26 November 2016, Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif appointed General Qamar Javed Bajwa as the Army Chief of Pakistan. General Qamar Javed Bajwa is four-star Army General who is selected as 16th Army Chief of Pakistan Army is on No. 4 in seniority list. New Chief of Army Staff also served as Principle Staff Officer of retiring Army Chief General Raheel Sharif. For read more about General Qamar Javed Bajwa click on this link.

General Qamar Javed Bajwa new army chief

Lt. General Zubair Mehmood Hayat

Zubair Mehmood Hayat belongs to a family with deep-rooted army affiliations. His father, Major General Aslam Hayat served in Army. Other siblings of Zubair Mehmood Hayat are also serving in Armed forces. His brother Lt. General Omar Mahmood Hayat is the head of Ordnance Factories at Wah. Third Hayat brother, Major General Ahmad Mahmood Hayat is DG Analysis in ISI. Recently General Raheel Sharif gave the charge of the SPD and commanded Corps to Zubair Mehmood Hayat which also indicates his importance in the higher ranks of Army. Here it is worth mentioning that Zubair Mahmood is the not the senior most high rank officer in Army.

Although seniority is an important criterion for the appointment of Army Chief, yet it was seldom followed. The current Army Chief Raheel Sharif himself superseded 2 seniors to become Army Chief. In the past General Zia ul Haq was appointed by PM Bhutto as an Army Chief by superseding 7 senior Officers.

Pakistan Nuclear Weapons – Congressional Research Service

Pakistan Nuclear Weapon

Congressional Research Service published a comprehensive report about the Nuclear Weapons of Pakistan. It was published in June 2016 and provides a detail insight into the Pakistan’s Nuclear Program. In this post you can read the summary of that American report about the Pakistan’s Nuclear Program.

Pakistan’s Nuclear Program (Summary)

Pakistan’s nuclear arsenal probably consists of approximately 110-130 nuclear warheads, although it could have more. Islamabad is producing fissile material, adding to related production facilities, and deploying additional nuclear weapons and new types of delivery vehicles. Pakistan’s nuclear arsenal is widely regarded as designed to dissuade India from taking military action against Pakistan, but Islamabad’s expansion of its nuclear arsenal, development of new types of nuclear weapons, and adoption of a doctrine called “full spectrum deterrence” have led some observers to express concern about an increased risk of nuclear conflict between Pakistan and India, which also continues to expand its nuclear arsenal.

Pakistan Nuclear Program

Pakistan has in recent years taken a number of steps to increase international confidence in the security of its nuclear arsenal. Moreover, Pakistani and U.S. officials argue that, since the 2004 revelations about a procurement network run by former Pakistani nuclear official A. Q. Khan, Islamabad has taken a number of steps to improve its nuclear security and to prevent further proliferation of nuclear-related technologies and materials. A number of important initiatives, such as strengthened export control laws, improved personnel security, and international nuclear security cooperation programs, have improved Pakistan’s nuclear security.

However, instability in Pakistan has called the extent and durability of these reforms into question. Some observers fear radical takeover of the Pakistani government or diversion of material or technology by personnel within Pakistan’s nuclear complex. While U.S. and Pakistani officials continue to express confidence in controls over Pakistan’s nuclear weapons, continued instability in the country could impact these safeguards. Furthermore, continued Indian and Pakistani nuclear weapons development could jeopardize strategic stability between the two countries.

Privatization is Solution of Energy Crisis in Pakistan

Energy Crisis in Pakistan is getting worst with every passing day. Although there are many proposed solution of energy crisis in Pakistan but privatization of energy sector in Pakistan is the best solution of Energy Crisis in Pakistan. WE are facing a serious energy crisis because of various factors. The centralization of energy policymaking and the federal government’s control over state institutions responsible for production, transmission, distribution and regulators are main causes of energy crises.  The private sector invested in thermal power plants, but it is allowed to sell electricity only to the distribution companies owned by the federal government.
The only exception is the KESC which has been privatized but has failed to provide uninterrupted power supply to residents of Karachi. One of the reasons is that the government is not allowing the owners to implement their policy of getting rid of surplus staff such as a driver having a monthly salary of Rs60,000 a month. They are also not being allowed to directly import furnace oil or gas to run the plant with 100 per cent capacity.
The private investor’s prime objective is to make profit first and then spend a small percentage of the profit on social activities. They hire staff on a contract basis and pay according to a person’s contribution to the organization.

Energy Crisis in Pakistan
Unfortunately, the federal government is using power distribution companies for its political benefit by providing jobs to its workers and supporters in these organizations even when there is no productive contribution by these employees.
The result is organizations are overstaffed and inefficient. These organizations are suffering loses in billions of rupees every year, and the government is providing them taxpayers’ money to keep functioning instead of privatizing them. There is a lack of government policy according to which it should follow the capital free market rules and entrust the business to the private sector.
Instead of following a half socialist and a half capitalist system, it is time the government decided which system is best suited to Pakistan. Nepra and Pepco, owned by the federal government, have failed to solve the energy crisis.  Now the federal government should transfer power generation and distribution to the provinces so that they can encourage the private sector to handle generation and distribution of electricity.
If the private sector can handle education, health, public transport, which is the responsibility of government, why cannot it handle power generation and distribution?
There is no other option now to overcome the shortage and provide relief to the people from loadshedding except changing the status quo of power sector. If govt. want to get rid of this energy crisis in Pakistan than they should adopt privatization to eliminate this severe energy crisis in Pakistan. (source: www.Dawn.com.pk)